L’nuey Executive Director

Jenene Wooldridge
L’nuey Executive Director

Jenene Wooldridge, BA (Hons), CAPA, ICD.D

Jenene Wooldridge is Executive Director of L’nuey – the Epekwitk Mi’kmaq Rights Initiative. She is a proud member of Abegweit First Nation and passionate about her community. Jenene is committed to advancing the interests of the Epekwitnewaq Mi’kmaq and all Epekwitnewaq (Islanders). Prior to her leadership role with L’nuey, she served for over a decade in senior management with Abegweit First Nation.

She was named one of the top 25 most powerful women in business by Atlantic Business Magazine in 2021 and recently completed the ICD Rotman Directors Education Program and obtained ICD.D designation. In 2023, Jenene was the recipient of the Queen’s Platinum Jubilee Medal for her significant contributions as a Mi’kmaw leader and ongoing efforts promoting reconciliation across Epekwitk.

She has participated as a member of numerous Indigenous boards and initiatives, both regionally and nationally, and has led numerous comprehensive community planning exercises, helping First Nation communities set a strategic path to healthy, successful futures. In recent years Jenene has represented Mi’kmaq interests at numerous negotiation tables and has coordinated consultation and engagement efforts in her own community and many others.

She resides in Kuntal Kwesawe’kl (Rocky Point) with her husband and two children.

  • Who will represent the Mi’kmaq in Consultation?

    The First Nations’ leadership/Councils are responsible for Consultations that happen through the Consultation Agreement.  L’nuey Consultation Unit will serve and support the leadership and Epekwitnewaq Mi’kmaq in the Consultation process.

  • What is discussed in Consultations?

    The consultation process provides an opportunity for the Mi’kmaq to address concerns in regard to the protection of rights such as cultural and traditional practices, the use and occupation of the Mi’kmaq, Archaeological concerns.

  • What area do the Mi’kmaq claim title to on Prince Edward Island?

    The Epekwitnewaq Mi’kmaq assert Aboriginal title over the entire island now known as Prince Edward Island, hereinafter referred to as “Epekwitk”, including the inshore and surrounding waters, and offshore islands.

  • What are “Aboriginal and Treaty rights”?

    Aboriginal rights (commonly referred to as Indigenous rights) are collective rights of distinctive Indigenous societies flowing from their status as the original peoples of Canada. These rights are recognized and affirmed by Section 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982. 

    Treaty rights are rights set out in either a historic or modern treaty agreement that define specific rights, benefits and obligations for the signatories that vary from treaty to treaty. These rights are recognized and affirmed by Section 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982.

  • When is Duty to Consult triggered?

    Duty to Consult is triggered when the Crown (the Federal or Provincial governments) conducts decisions or actions that potentially affect Aboriginal Title and rights, such as [INSERT AN EXAMPLE –  i.e. land disposals or new road construction…]. The Crown must consult with the Indigenous People to gain their views and take interests into account.

    Here on Prince Edward Island, the Epekwitnewaq Mi’kmaq must hold the Crown accountable if the Crown is contemplating an action or decision that may have an adverse impact on Mi’kmaq rights.

  • Who is involved in the Consultation process with the Epekwitnewaq Mi’kmaq?

    The L’nuey Consultation Unit, on behalf of the Epekwitnewaq Mi’kmaq, are authorized under the Consultation Agreement to coordinate the consultation process with the Crown but the decision making remains with the Mi’kmaq leadership.

  • What is “Duty to Consult”?

    The Governments of Canada and Prince Edward Island have a duty to consult, and where appropriate, accommodate Indigenous groups when it considers conduct that might adversely impact potential or established Aboriginal or treaty rights.

  • What is the Consultation Agreement?

    The Consultation Agreement was signed on August 13, 2012, between Canada, Province of PEI and Mi’kmaq. The Agreement establishes a clear and efficient means for Canada and PEI to consult the Mi’kmaq on proposed actions or decisions that may adversely impact asserted or established Aboriginal and Treaty rights.

  • What is “Consultation”?

    Consultation is a process to understand and consider the potential adverse impacts of anticipated Crown decision on First Nations, with a view to address them.

  • Section 35

    Constitution Act, 1982 Section 35

    Section 35 is the part of the Constitution Act, 1982 that recognizes and affirms Aboriginal and treaty rights.  The Canadian government did not initially plan to include Aboriginal rights so extensively within the constitution when the Act was being drafted in the early 1980s. Early drafts and discussions during the patriation of the Canadian Constitution did not include any recognition of those existing rights and relationships, but through campaigns and demonstrations, Aboriginal groups in Canada successfully fought to have their rights enshrined and protected.

    It is important to understand that Section 35 recognizes Aboriginal rights but did not create them—Aboriginal and treaty rights existed before Section 35.

    Section 35 of the Constitution Act states:

    1. (1) The existing aboriginal and treaty rights of the aboriginal peoples of Canada are hereby recognized and affirmed.

    (2) In this Act, “aboriginal peoples of Canada” includes the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

    (3) For greater certainty, in subsection (1) “treaty rights” includes rights that now exist by way of land claims agreements or may be so acquired.

    (4) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, the aboriginal and treaty rights referred to in subsection (1) are guaranteed equally to male and female persons.

    Section 35 of The Constitution Act, 1982 recognizes and affirms existing Aboriginal and treaty rights, but does not define them.  What Aboriginal rights include has been the topic of much debate and discussion, and they have been defined over time through numerous Supreme Court of Canada cases, as have specific treaty rights.

    Section 35 also recognizes that Aboriginal rights are “existing.” The Supreme Court of Canada has stated that this means that any Aboriginal rights that had been extinguished by treaty or other legal processes prior to 1982 no longer existed and therefore are not protected under the Constitution.  The significance of the term “existing” was further clarified in the case of R. v. Sparrow:

    “Section 35(1) applies to rights in existence when the Constitution Act, 1982 came into effect; it does not revive extinguished rights.  An existing aboriginal right cannot be read so as to incorporate the specific manner in which it was regulated before 1982.  The phrase “existing aboriginal rights” must be interpreted flexibly so as to permit their evolution over time.

    The existing rights of the Aboriginal people of Canada are recognized by s. 35 of the Constitution Act 1982 and that recognition has been further defined through various Court decisions. Section 35 defines Aboriginal as Indian, Inuit and Métis.

    Section 35 falls outside of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, and it begins Part II of the constitution. This allows Section 35 to be exempt from the “notwithstanding clause” that applies to the Charter. In other words, the federal government cannot override Aboriginal rights.

    *definition adapted in part from Indigenous Foundations, UBC


Our Team

  • Jenene Wooldridge
    Executive Director
  • Tracey Flynn
    Executive Assistant
  • Bridgette Wilkinson
    Office Administrator
  • Communication/ Media Relations

  • Sean Doke
    Communication/Media Relations Officer
  • Consultations

  • Wendell LaBobe
    Consultations Coordinator
  • Legal Counsel

  • Don MacKenzie, Q.C.
    Legal Counsel
  • Governance Unit

  • Anagha Muraliharan
    Governance Support Officer
  • Kiara LaBobe
    Engagement Officer
  • Julie Pellissier-Lush
    Knowledge Keeper
  • L’nuey/Parks Canada Partnership

  • MacKenzie Cutcliffe
    L’nuey/Parks Canada Partnership Coordinator
  • Negotiations Centre

  • Matt McGuire
    Director, Negotiations Center
  • Tracey Cutcliffe
    Senior Negotiator
  • Theresa Redmond
    Negotiations Consultant
  • Erica Perry
    Assistant Negotiator
  • Bridget McCloskey
    Manager, Parks’ Agreements Implementation
  • Helen Kristmanson
    Senior Archaeologist
  • Erin Montgomery
    GIS Specialist
  • Matt Gallant
    Land Strategy Specialist
  • ‘How We Say Home’ Contest Rules

    1. The contest is open to all persons who reside in Prince Edward Island and are eighteen (18) years of age or older except for employees of L’nuey, their immediate families, cohabitants, agents or contractors.
    2. To enter the giveaway, submit your full name, phone number and email address on the form at lnuey.ca/howwesayhome, and answer the question as stated in the field provided.
    3. Contest begins on November 6, 2023 at 12:00:00 a.m. AST and ends on March 4, 2024 at 11:59:59 p.m. AST
    4. The prize consists of:
      • Basket by master basket weaver, Keptin Jimmy Bernard
      • L’nuey blanket
      • L’nuey Toque
      • $200 grocery gift card
    5. Prize winner will be selected via a random draw on March 12, 2024.
    6. L’nuey will contact the Prize winner through the email address provided on the contest entry form. If it is not possible within a 48 hour period to contact the Prize winner, L’nuey will disqualify that Entry and randomly select another Entry as the winner. Once the winner is successfully contacted, they will be required to answer a skill-testing question to be verified.
    7. Once verified, the Prize winner must make arrangements with L’nuey to pick up their prize.
    8. The Prize must be accepted as described and may not be transferred to another person prior to being awarded. L’nuey retains the right to replace the Prize with a different prize of equal or greater value if the original prize becomes unavailable for reasons beyond L’nuey’s control.
    9. The name of the winner upon receiving their Prize will be posted on L’nuey’s website, as well as shared on their social channels.
    10. L’nuey reserves the right to cancel, modify or suspend the Contest without notice, for any reason, including if they are not capable of running as planned or the Contest is adversely affected by computer virus, fraud, technical failures or other causes beyond its control.
    11. All Contestants agree to be bound by the rules of the Contest and release L’nuey and all parties associated with the Contest from any liability with respect to this Contest or any prize.
    12. All decisions by L’nuey with regard to all aspects of this Contest are final.

    ‘Definition of Home’ Contest Rules

    1. The contest is open to all persons who reside in Prince Edward Island and are eighteen (18) years of age or older except for employees of L’nuey, their immediate families, cohabitants, agents or contractors.
    2. To enter the giveaway, submit your full name, phone number and email address on the form at lnuey.ca/ourhome, and answer the question as stated in the field provided.
    3. Contest begins on July 17, 2023 at 12:00:00 a.m. AST and ends on September 30, 2023 at 11:59:59 p.m. AST
    4. The prize consists of:
      • Basket by master basket weaver, Keptin Jimmy Bernard
      • L’nuey blanket
      • L’nuey Toque
      • $200 grocery gift card
    5. Prize winner will be selected via a random draw on October 6, 2023.
    6. L’nuey will contact the Prize winner through the email address provided on the contest entry form. If it is not possible within a 48 hour period to contact the Prize winner, L’nuey will disqualify that Entry and randomly select another Entry as the winner. Once the winner is successfully contacted, they will be required to answer a skill-testing question to be verified.
    7. Once verified, the Prize winner must make arrangements with L’nuey to pick up their prize.
    8. The Prize must be accepted as described and may not be transferred to another person prior to being awarded. L’nuey retains the right to replace the Prize with a different prize of equal or greater value if the original prize becomes unavailable for reasons beyond L’nuey’s control.
    9. The name of the winner upon receiving their Prize will be posted on L’nuey’s website, as well as shared on their social channels.
    10. L’nuey reserves the right to cancel, modify or suspend the Contest without notice, for any reason, including if they are not capable of running as planned or the Contest is adversely affected by computer virus, fraud, technical failures or other causes beyond its control.
    11. All Contestants agree to be bound by the rules of the Contest and release L’nuey and all parties associated with the Contest from any liability with respect to this Contest or any prize.
    12. All decisions by L’nuey with regard to all aspects of this Contest are final.

    ‘Shaping the Epekwitk of Tomorrow’ Contest Rules

    1. The contest is open to all Mi’kmaq who reside in Prince Edward Island and are eighteen (18) years of age or older except for employees of L’nuey, their immediate families, cohabitants, agents or contractors.
    2. To enter the giveaway, submit your full name, phone number and email address on the form at lnuey.ca/progress, and answer the question as stated in the field provided.
    3. Contest begins on January 23, 2022 at 12:00:00 a.m. AST and ends on April 30, 2023 at 11:59:59 p.m. AST
    4. The prize consists of:
      • Basket by master basket weaver, Keptin Jimmy Bernard
      • L’nuey blanket
      • L’nuey Toque
      • $200 grocery gift card
    5. Prize winner will be selected via a random draw on May 8, 2023.
    6. L’nuey will contact the Prize winner through the email address provided on the contest entry form. If it is not possible within a 48 hour period to contact the Prize winner, L’nuey will disqualify that Entry and randomly select another Entry as the winner. Once the winner is successfully contacted, they will be required to answer a skill-testing question to be verified.
    7. Once verified, the Prize winner must make arrangements with L’nuey to pick up their prize.
    8. The Prize must be accepted as described and may not be transferred to another person prior to being awarded. L’nuey retains the right to replace the Prize with a different prize of equal or greater value if the original prize becomes unavailable for reasons beyond L’nuey’s control.
    9. The name of the winner upon receiving their Prize will be posted on L’nuey’s website, as well as shared on their social channels.
    10. L’nuey reserves the right to cancel, modify or suspend the Contest without notice, for any reason, including if they are not capable of running as planned or the Contest is adversely affected by computer virus, fraud, technical failures or other causes beyond its control.
    11. All Contestants agree to be bound by the rules of the Contest and release L’nuey and all parties associated with the Contest from any liability with respect to this Contest or any prize.
    12. All decisions by L’nuey with regard to all aspects of this Contest are final.

    ‘Connected by Home’ Contest Rules

    1. The contest is open to all persons who reside in Prince Edward Island and are eighteen (18) years of age or older except for employees of L’nuey, their immediate families, cohabitants, agents or contractors.
    2. To enter the giveaway, submit your full name, phone number and email address on the form at lnuey.ca/connected, and answer the question as stated in the field provided.
    3. Contest begins on December 12, 2022 at 12:00:00 a.m. AST and ends on January 31, 2023 at 11:59:59 p.m. AST
    4. The prize consists of:
      • Basket by master basket weaver, Keptin Jimmy Bernard
      • L’nuey blanket
      • L’nuey Toque
      • $200 grocery gift card
    5. Prize winner will be selected via a random draw on February 6, 2023.
    6. L’nuey will contact the Prize winner through the email address provided on the contest entry form. If it is not possible within a 48 hour period to contact the Prize winner, L’nuey will disqualify that Entry and randomly select another Entry as the winner. Once the winner is successfully contacted, they will be required to answer a skill-testing question to be verified.
    7. Once verified, the Prize winner must make arrangements with L’nuey to pick up their prize.
    8. The Prize must be accepted as described and may not be transferred to another person prior to being awarded. L’nuey retains the right to replace the Prize with a different prize of equal or greater value if the original prize becomes unavailable for reasons beyond L’nuey’s control.
    9. The name of the winner upon receiving their Prize will be posted on L’nuey’s website, as well as shared on their social channels.
    10. L’nuey reserves the right to cancel, modify or suspend the Contest without notice, for any reason, including if they are not capable of running as planned or the Contest is adversely affected by computer virus, fraud, technical failures or other causes beyond its control.
    11. All Contestants agree to be bound by the rules of the Contest and release L’nuey and all parties associated with the Contest from any liability with respect to this Contest or any prize.
    12. All decisions by L’nuey with regard to all aspects of this Contest are final.

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